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Sophie Schiller 8 months ago
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  1. 4
      .gitignore
  2. 21
      Makefile
  3. 0
      README.md
  4. 39
      include/README
  5. 46
      lib/README
  6. 15
      platformio.ini
  7. 193
      src/main.ino
  8. 11
      test/README

4
.gitignore

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.pio
.clang_complete
.gcc-flags.json
.ccls

21
Makefile

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# Uncomment lines below if you have problems with $PATH
#SHELL := /bin/bash
#PATH := /usr/local/bin:$(PATH)
all:
pio -f -c vim run
upload:
pio -f -c vim run --target upload
clean:
pio -f -c vim run --target clean
program:
pio -f -c vim run --target program
uploadfs:
pio -f -c vim run --target uploadfs
update:
pio -f -c vim update

0
README.md

39
include/README

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This directory is intended for project header files.
A header file is a file containing C declarations and macro definitions
to be shared between several project source files. You request the use of a
header file in your project source file (C, C++, etc) located in `src` folder
by including it, with the C preprocessing directive `#include'.
```src/main.c
#include "header.h"
int main (void)
{
...
}
```
Including a header file produces the same results as copying the header file
into each source file that needs it. Such copying would be time-consuming
and error-prone. With a header file, the related declarations appear
in only one place. If they need to be changed, they can be changed in one
place, and programs that include the header file will automatically use the
new version when next recompiled. The header file eliminates the labor of
finding and changing all the copies as well as the risk that a failure to
find one copy will result in inconsistencies within a program.
In C, the usual convention is to give header files names that end with `.h'.
It is most portable to use only letters, digits, dashes, and underscores in
header file names, and at most one dot.
Read more about using header files in official GCC documentation:
* Include Syntax
* Include Operation
* Once-Only Headers
* Computed Includes
https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/cpp/Header-Files.html

46
lib/README

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This directory is intended for project specific (private) libraries.
PlatformIO will compile them to static libraries and link into executable file.
The source code of each library should be placed in a an own separate directory
("lib/your_library_name/[here are source files]").
For example, see a structure of the following two libraries `Foo` and `Bar`:
|--lib
| |
| |--Bar
| | |--docs
| | |--examples
| | |--src
| | |- Bar.c
| | |- Bar.h
| | |- library.json (optional, custom build options, etc) https://docs.platformio.org/page/librarymanager/config.html
| |
| |--Foo
| | |- Foo.c
| | |- Foo.h
| |
| |- README --> THIS FILE
|
|- platformio.ini
|--src
|- main.c
and a contents of `src/main.c`:
```
#include <Foo.h>
#include <Bar.h>
int main (void)
{
...
}
```
PlatformIO Library Dependency Finder will find automatically dependent
libraries scanning project source files.
More information about PlatformIO Library Dependency Finder
- https://docs.platformio.org/page/librarymanager/ldf.html

15
platformio.ini

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; PlatformIO Project Configuration File
;
; Build options: build flags, source filter
; Upload options: custom upload port, speed and extra flags
; Library options: dependencies, extra library storages
; Advanced options: extra scripting
;
; Please visit documentation for the other options and examples
; https://docs.platformio.org/page/projectconf.html
[env:uno]
platform = atmelavr
board = uno
framework = arduino
lib_deps = fastled/FastLED@^3.4.0

193
src/main.ino

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/*
Arduino and MPU6050 Accelerometer and Gyroscope Sensor Tutorial
by Dejan, https://howtomechatronics.com
*/
#include <Wire.h>
#include <FastLED.h>
#define LED_PIN 7
#define NUM_LEDS 20
const int MPU = 0x68; // MPU6050 I2C address
float AccX, AccY, AccZ;
float GyroX, GyroY, GyroZ;
float accAngleX, accAngleY, accCombined, gyroAngleX, gyroAngleY, gyroAngleZ;
float roll, pitch, yaw;
float AccErrorX, AccErrorY, GyroErrorX, GyroErrorY, GyroErrorZ;
float elapsedTime, currentTime, previousTime;
int c = 0;
boolean debug = true;
CRGB leds[NUM_LEDS];
void setup() {
Serial.begin(19200);
//setup LEDs
FastLED.addLeds<WS2812, LED_PIN, GRB>(leds, NUM_LEDS);
//setup IMU
Wire.begin(); // Initialize comunication
Wire.beginTransmission(MPU); // Start communication with MPU6050 // MPU=0x68
Wire.write(0x6B); // Talk to the register 6B
Wire.write(0x00); // Make reset - place a 0 into the 6B register
Wire.endTransmission(true); //end the transmission
// Configure Accelerometer Sensitivity - Full Scale Range (default +/- 2g)
/*Wire.beginTransmission(MPU);
Wire.write(0x1C); //Talk to the ACCEL_CONFIG register (1C hex)
Wire.write(0x10); //Set the register bits as 00010000 (+/- 8g full scale range)
Wire.endTransmission(true);
// Configure Gyro Sensitivity - Full Scale Range (default +/- 250deg/s)
Wire.beginTransmission(MPU);
Wire.write(0x1B); // Talk to the GYRO_CONFIG register (1B hex)
Wire.write(0x10); // Set the register bits as 00010000 (1000deg/s full scale)
Wire.endTransmission(true);
*/
delay(20);
// Call this function if you need to get the IMU error values for your module
//calculate_IMU_error();
delay(200);
}
void calculateOrientationData() {
// === Read acceleromter data === //
Wire.beginTransmission(MPU);
Wire.write(0x3B); // Start with register 0x3B (ACCEL_XOUT_H)
Wire.endTransmission(false);
Wire.requestFrom(MPU, 6, true); // Read 6 registers total, each axis value is stored in 2 registers
//For a range of +-2g, we need to divide the raw values by 16384, according to the datasheet
AccX = (Wire.read() << 8 | Wire.read()) / 16384.0; // X-axis value
AccY = (Wire.read() << 8 | Wire.read()) / 16384.0; // Y-axis value
AccZ = (Wire.read() << 8 | Wire.read()) / 16384.0; // Z-axis value
// Calculating Roll and Pitch from the accelerometer data
accAngleX = (atan(AccY / sqrt(pow(AccX, 2) + pow(AccZ, 2))) * 180 / PI) - 0.50; // AccErrorX ~(0.58) See the calculate_IMU_error()custom function for more details
accAngleY = (atan(-1 * AccX / sqrt(pow(AccY, 2) + pow(AccZ, 2))) * 180 / PI) + 1.98; // AccErrorY ~(-1.58)
accCombined = sqrt(pow(AccX, 2) + pow(AccY, 2) + pow(AccZ, 2));
// === Read gyroscope data === //
previousTime = currentTime; // Previous time is stored before the actual time read
currentTime = millis(); // Current time actual time read
elapsedTime = (currentTime - previousTime) / 1000; // Divide by 1000 to get seconds
Wire.beginTransmission(MPU);
Wire.write(0x43); // Gyro data first register address 0x43
Wire.endTransmission(false);
Wire.requestFrom(MPU, 6, true); // Read 4 registers total, each axis value is stored in 2 registers
GyroX = (Wire.read() << 8 | Wire.read()) / 131.0; // For a 250deg/s range we have to divide first the raw value by 131.0, according to the datasheet
GyroY = (Wire.read() << 8 | Wire.read()) / 131.0;
GyroZ = (Wire.read() << 8 | Wire.read()) / 131.0;
// Correct the outputs with the calculated error values
GyroX = GyroX + 1.42; // GyroErrorX ~(-0.56)
GyroY = GyroY - 0.51; // GyroErrorY ~(2)
GyroZ = GyroZ + 1.00; // GyroErrorZ ~ (-0.8)
// Currently the raw values are in degrees per seconds, deg/s, so we need to multiply by sendonds (s) to get the angle in degrees
gyroAngleX = gyroAngleX + GyroX * elapsedTime; // deg/s * s = deg
gyroAngleY = gyroAngleY + GyroY * elapsedTime;
yaw = yaw + GyroZ * elapsedTime;
// Complementary filter - combine acceleromter and gyro angle values
roll = 0.96 * gyroAngleX + 0.04 * accAngleX;
pitch = 0.96 * gyroAngleY + 0.04 * accAngleY;
// Print the values on the serial monitor
if (debug) {
Serial.print("Acceleration: ");
Serial.print(accCombined, 3);
Serial.print("\t");
Serial.print("Orientation: ");
Serial.print("\t");
Serial.print(roll);
Serial.print("\t");
Serial.print(pitch);
Serial.print("\t");
Serial.println(yaw);
}
}
void enableLEDsOnAcceleration(){
int ledcutoff = int(accCombined * NUM_LEDS / 2);
if(debug) {
Serial.print("[");
}
for (int i = 0; i <= ledcutoff; i++) {
leds[i] = CRGB(64, 0, 0);
if (debug) {
Serial.print("|");
}
}
for (int i = ledcutoff; i <= NUM_LEDS ; i++) {
leds[i] = CRGB(0, 64, 0);
if (debug) {
Serial.print("-");
}
}
if(debug) {
Serial.println("]");
}
FastLED.show();
}
void loop() {
// === Read acceleromter data === //
calculateOrientationData();
enableLEDsOnAcceleration();
delay(20);
}
void calculate_IMU_error() {
// We can call this funtion in the setup section to calculate the accelerometer and gyro data error. From here we will get the error values used in the above equations printed on the Serial Monitor.
// Note that we should place the IMU flat in order to get the proper values, so that we then can the correct values
// Read accelerometer values 200 times
while (c < 200) {
Wire.beginTransmission(MPU);
Wire.write(0x3B);
Wire.endTransmission(false);
Wire.requestFrom(MPU, 6, true);
AccX = (Wire.read() << 8 | Wire.read()) / 16384.0 ;
AccY = (Wire.read() << 8 | Wire.read()) / 16384.0 ;
AccZ = (Wire.read() << 8 | Wire.read()) / 16384.0 ;
// Sum all readings
AccErrorX = AccErrorX + ((atan((AccY) / sqrt(pow((AccX), 2) + pow((AccZ), 2))) * 180 / PI));
AccErrorY = AccErrorY + ((atan(-1 * (AccX) / sqrt(pow((AccY), 2) + pow((AccZ), 2))) * 180 / PI));
c++;
}
//Divide the sum by 200 to get the error value
AccErrorX = AccErrorX / 200;
AccErrorY = AccErrorY / 200;
c = 0;
// Read gyro values 200 times
while (c < 200) {
Wire.beginTransmission(MPU);
Wire.write(0x43);
Wire.endTransmission(false);
Wire.requestFrom(MPU, 6, true);
GyroX = Wire.read() << 8 | Wire.read();
GyroY = Wire.read() << 8 | Wire.read();
GyroZ = Wire.read() << 8 | Wire.read();
// Sum all readings
GyroErrorX = GyroErrorX + (GyroX / 131.0);
GyroErrorY = GyroErrorY + (GyroY / 131.0);
GyroErrorZ = GyroErrorZ + (GyroZ / 131.0);
c++;
}
//Divide the sum by 200 to get the error value
GyroErrorX = GyroErrorX / 200;
GyroErrorY = GyroErrorY / 200;
GyroErrorZ = GyroErrorZ / 200;
// Print the error values on the Serial Monitor
Serial.print("AccErrorX: ");
Serial.println(AccErrorX);
Serial.print("AccErrorY: ");
Serial.println(AccErrorY);
Serial.print("GyroErrorX: ");
Serial.println(GyroErrorX);
Serial.print("GyroErrorY: ");
Serial.println(GyroErrorY);
Serial.print("GyroErrorZ: ");
Serial.println(GyroErrorZ);
}

11
test/README

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This directory is intended for PlatformIO Unit Testing and project tests.
Unit Testing is a software testing method by which individual units of
source code, sets of one or more MCU program modules together with associated
control data, usage procedures, and operating procedures, are tested to
determine whether they are fit for use. Unit testing finds problems early
in the development cycle.
More information about PlatformIO Unit Testing:
- https://docs.platformio.org/page/plus/unit-testing.html
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